The Policy & Practice of Climate Change & Water

Adaptation Community Meeting

Communities to Landscapes: Multi-scale Approach to Climate Adaptation in Nepal

Many communities in Nepal rely on forests and subsistence agriculture for food and income, and ecosystems for water supplies and protection from disasters. That dependence is threatened by increasing climate variability and longer-term change. Already, farming and water supplies are affected in many areas, and more extreme rainfall events are exacerbating flood and landslide risk.

The USAID/Nepal-funded Hariyo Ban (Green Forests) Program is using an integrated approach to address the multi-faceted challenges climate change poses to livelihoods and biodiversity. The February 15th Adaptation Community Meeting will feature Judy Oglethorpe, former Chief of Party for Hariyo Ban, who will share the importance of working at multiple scales (from community to landscapes) as well as within various political and ecological spheres to achieve positive adaptation outcomes.
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Improving Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change Through Conflict Resolution: Lessons from Ethiopia

In recent decades, arid and semi-arid rangelands in the Horn of Africa have experienced the effects of two related threats: 1) increasingly frequent and severe droughts amplified by climate change, and 2) outbreaks of conflict among pastoralist groups whose access to natural resources has been squeezed by population growth, land development, administrative boundaries, rangeland degradation, and erratic and extreme weather. Development practitioners are giving increasing attention to the idea that collaborative community activities, focused on building key institutional relationships, may contribute to conflict prevention, and that lower levels of conflict can provide the opportunity to enhance the scope and quality of climate adaptation.

The January 18th Adaptation Community Meeting will feature Jeffrey Stark, a conflict and climate change specialist, to discuss the challenges and opportunities of addressing the climate-conflict nexus in programming. Mr. Stark will specifically speak to lessons learned from a recent assessment he conducted of the USAID-funded Peace Centers for Climate and Social Resilience (PCCSR) pilot project. This project, which ran from 2014 to 2017, endeavored to reverse patterns of pastoral conflict over natural resources in several districts in southern Ethiopia.
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