The Policy & Practice of Climate Change & Water


Improving Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change Through Conflict Resolution: Lessons from Ethiopia

In recent decades, arid and semi-arid rangelands in the Horn of Africa have experienced the effects of two related threats: 1) increasingly frequent and severe droughts amplified by climate change, and 2) outbreaks of conflict among pastoralist groups whose access to natural resources has been squeezed by population growth, land development, administrative boundaries, rangeland degradation, and erratic and extreme weather. Development practitioners are giving increasing attention to the idea that collaborative community activities, focused on building key institutional relationships, may contribute to conflict prevention, and that lower levels of conflict can provide the opportunity to enhance the scope and quality of climate adaptation.

The January 18th Adaptation Community Meeting will feature Jeffrey Stark, a conflict and climate change specialist, to discuss the challenges and opportunities of addressing the climate-conflict nexus in programming. Mr. Stark will specifically speak to lessons learned from a recent assessment he conducted of the USAID-funded Peace Centers for Climate and Social Resilience (PCCSR) pilot project. This project, which ran from 2014 to 2017, endeavored to reverse patterns of pastoral conflict over natural resources in several districts in southern Ethiopia.

International Public Finance for the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Process

Significant financing is needed throughout the entire NAP process, but especially within its implementation phase. The international community has established several multilateral funds—both under and outside of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change—that can finance aspects of the NAP process. Multilateral development banks are a further option for financing NAP processes. This webinar will explore these options, with presentations on adaptation finance available through the Green Climate Fund and insights into Ethiopia’s experience accessing international public finance.